长元音

2019-07-08 0 By admin

先入为主,伊不说话。
当一个单词中,先出现的元音发的是长元音的“本音”,词尾的e则不发音。

a 国际音标[eɪ]

位于词首
ace age
位于词中
fade jade wade made bake cake fake lake make quake rake
sake take wake flake snake male pale sale tale came fame
game lame name same tame cape gape nape tape base case vase
chase haste paste taste waste date fate gate hate late mate
rate cave gave pave save wave daze gaze maze

-ai- 国际音标[eɪ]

后面i不发音,a发长音;ai几乎都位于词中。
laid maid paid main pain rain vain faint paint saint bait wait
bail fail hail jail mail nail pail rail tail snail

-ay- 国际音标[eɪ]

i与y本一家,当y未位于词首时,发音规则与i相同。
元音位于词尾
bay day gay hay lay may pay ray say way clay play slay gray sway

e 国际音标[iː]

e 国际音标[iː]

后面的e不发音。
compete delete

-ey 国际音标[iː]

后面的y不发音。
key monkey donkey valley honey money

-ee- 国际音标[iː]

need feed seed teens beep deep jeep keep peep sleep weep eel
feel hell peel reel leek meek peek seek week breeze freeze
bee fee see wee flee free

-ea- 国际音标[iː]

pea sea tea flea beak leak peak weak bleak deal heal meal
real seal veal zeal bean dean jeans lean mean clean heap leap
reap lease beat feat heat meat neat peat seat

i 国际音标[aɪ]

辅音前i 发长音。
ride side tide wide bride glide pride slide file mile pile tile smile
dine fine line mine nine pine wine bike life hike wife like ripe pipe wipe dive five
hive die lie pie tie

例外;有时会发短元音[I]

give

-ild 国际音标[aɪld]

i 后面接“ld”的情况
mild wild child

-ind 国际音标[aɪnd]

i 后面接“nd”的情况
bind find hind kind mind wind blind grind

o 国际音标[əʊ]

o 发长元音

lobe robe code mode rode coke joke woke poke smoke dole hole pole role
bone cone lone tone zone clone cope hope rope hose nose pose rose close

例外:有时发短音[ʌ]

dove love glove above come some done none son

oa 后面的a不发音,发长元音[əʊ]

oat boat coat goat bloat float coal coast load road

ou 后面的u不发音,发长元音[əʊ]

以下单词gh不发音
dough though

-ow- 国际音标[əʊ]

w 于u同一家,半元音w不发音
low blow flow slow follow shadow window yellow arrow borrow

-old 国际音标[əʊld]

old bold cold fold gold hold sold told scold

-oll 国际音标[əʊl]

poll roll toll scroll